Événements passés

Conférences

From Ajam to Rum  An Iranian Provenance Bureaucrat  and Historian:  Idris-i Bidlisi (b. 1457, d. 1512)

Vural Genç (Associate Professor of History of Early Modern Era)

A bureaucrat and historian of Iranian provenance, Idris-i Bidlīsī is undoubtedly one of the most original and important intellectual figures in the 16th-century Ottoman-Iranian world. He lived in a very turbulent period of the Ottoman-Aqquyunlu, Ottoman-Mamluk and Ottoman-Safavid rivalry [rivalries] and established different relationships with these dynasties at the end of the 15th century and at the begining of the 16th century. He and his work have been the focus of long-standing historical debates that have continued till the present day. His active role in the Battle of Chaldiran (1514), sectarian belongings and Machiavellian patronage relations established with different dynasties are among these. Until now, the focus of most modern scholarly works on Bidlīsī has usually been romantic and heroic without providing a proper, in-depth textual, historiographic, or historical analysis. As a result, such modern works have come to present a skewed, romanticized image of Bidlīsī, which has been largely detached from the nature and dynamics of the historical context in which Bidlīsī evolved as an intellectual and writer.

In this conference I am going to portray Bidlīsī’s realistic image by eliminating shortcomings in the modern historiography on him. By looking at Bidlīsī and his corpus, and more specifically at the ways in which the latter was shaped by Bidlīsī’s patronage relationships, this lecture aims to open up a window into Bidlīsī’s evolving mindset and worldview. On another plane, through an in-depth analysis of his corpus and new archival sources I am going to unveil intellectual life and career of an Iranian provenance bureaucrat and historian positioned between Ottoman-Iranian world and provide a glimpse into the nature of patronage and in the 16th century. In this context, I will touch upon his early education in Iran, the Sufi and bureaucratic circles he was in, bureaucratic years in the Aqquyunlu Tabriz, years of patronage in the Ottoman palace and the cultural and political projects he was involved in, patronage relations fostered with Shah Ismail during his sojurn in Istanbul, active roles in the Iran and Egypt expedition, and last years in Istanbul.

Ferenc Csirkes sera discutant.

Intervention en turc

Date de l'événement 12/10/2020 6:00 pm
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Provincial Perspectives for the Ottoman Reforms during the Tanzimat Era

The talk will be about Yonca Köksal’s recent book The Ottoman Empire in the Tanzimat Era: Provincial Perspectives from Ankara to Edirne (Routledge, 2019). It will explain the Ottoman reforms and their variation across the two provinces and the crucial role of local intermediaries such as notables, tribal leaders, and merchants. It attempts to understand the Tanzimat as a process of negotiation and transformation between the state and local actors. The author argues that the same reform policies produced different results in Edirne and Ankara. The talk will explain how factors such as socioeconomic conditions and historical developments played a role in shaping local networks, which influenced the outcome and variation in reform outcome. Therefore, it invites audience to rethink taken for granted concepts such as centralization, decentralization, state control, and imperial decay.

Yonca Köksal is an Associate Professor of History at Koç University. She has a PhD from Columbia University. Her research focuses on three areas:  social networks and provincial reform in the Tanzimat period, Muslim minorities in Bulgaria and Romania during the Interwar era, and animal trade in Anatolia and meat provisioning of Istanbul. Her publications include three books (The Ottoman Empire in the Tanzimat Era, Avrupa Arşivlerinde Osmanlı İmparatorluğu and Kıbrıslı Mehmet Emin Paşa’nın Rumeli Teftişi) and several articles in international journals including American Behavioral Scientist, Middle Eastern Studies,  New Perspectives on Turkey, Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, and Turkish Studies.

Date de l'événement 21/09/2020 6:00 pm
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The Politics of Language Between Ottomans and Safavids: Masih-i Tabrizi's cross-linguistic poetry in Tabriz in the 1720s

The paper sheds light on the politics of language (Turkish, Arabic, and Persian) and literary patronage in Safavid Iran in the first few decades of the eighteenth century, offering parallels to the attitude to the hierarchy of literary languages in the Ottoman and Safavid cultural spheres, with a subject matter related to the confrontation between Iran and the Ottomans in the 1720s. It focuses on a short collection of poetry written by a hitherto largely unknown physician and litterateur by the name of Masih of Tabriz (fl. late 1720s), who was active during the last years of centralized Safavid rule and saw the demise of the dynasty in 1722 with the fall of Isfahan to the Afghans, and that of Tabriz to the Ottomans, and died probably towards the end of Nadir Shah’s (r. 1736-47) reign. The bulk of the poems is made up of elaborate forms of acrostics written in the aforesaid three languages and interconnected with each other in graphic, metalinguistic and translinguistic ways. I will argue that this poetic experimentation, the peculiar attitude to the question of language in Masih’s collection and the mutual prestige relations between literary languages that Masih displays, might perhaps be best seen against the background of changing literary patronage in the post-Safavid and Afsharid periods. Masih’s short collection of poetry illustrates how these languages were conceptualized and spatially represented in the manuscript, as both connecting and separating the Ottoman and Iranian cultural enterprises.

Ferenc Csirkés is an Assistant Professor of History at Sabancı University. He read Turkic and Persian at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, and received his PhD at the University of Chicago. His research focuses on the politics of language in the late medieval and early modern Islamic world, especially Iran, Central Asia, and the Ottoman Empire. 

Date de l'événement 14/09/2020 6:00 pm
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Covid-19 en Turquie : quels impacts sur sa politique étrangère ?

Covid-19 en Turquie : quels impacts sur sa politique étrangère ?

Bayram Balcı, directeur de l'IFEA

le 12 juin 2020 à 18h30 (Paris)

 

Les Webinars du CAREP

Date de l'événement 12/06/2020 6:30 pm
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Turkey’s Use of the COVID-19 Battle as a Religious Soft Power Instrument and its Limitation

Covid-19, surging dramatically around the world in the first half of 2020, categorically impacted Turkey in many regards, not the least of which being its already frail economy. Despite various negative occurrences and political actors’ curious professions of the nation’s dearth of assistance for its own citizens Turkey offered support for numerous countries. It supplies healthcare to more than 70 foreign countries through its own hyperactive transnational state apparatuses. Notable among the institutions providing the assistance are the Presidency of Religious Affairs (Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı, Diyanet), Turkey’s domestically and internationally controversial religious institution, and the Turkish Diyanet Foundation (Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı, TDV), the Diyanet’s branch tasked with distributing foreign aid. The Diyanet and the TDV delivered this assistance with written materials from the president of Turkey to Muslim countries such as Bangladesh, Mauritania, and Yemen, and to Muslim-majority countries with which Turkey shares historical bonds in the Balkans and North Africa. From these activities of Turkey, one should ask these questions; what is the role of religion in these humanitarian aid activities? Can we read all of these activities as a religious soft power or are they serving another multidimensional leadership desire for the New Turkey?

Biography: Ahmet Erdi Öztürk is lecturer of politics and international relations at London Metropolitan University. Between 2021-2023 he will work as Marie Sklodowska-Curie fellow at Coventry University in the UK and GIGA in Germany. He was a Swedish Institute Pre and Post-Doctoral Fellow at Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO), at Linköping University, Scholar in Residence at the University of Notre Dame's Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. He is the author of more than 20 articles, co-editor of four special issues and two books on religion and politics and Turkish politics. He is a regular contributor to media outlets such as Open Democracy, The Conversation, Huffington Post and France 24.

Date de l'événement 09/06/2020 2:00 pm
Places: 100
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Espaces culturels et médiatiques arabes à Istanbul

Espaces culturels et médiatiques arabes à Istanbul

Franck Mermier (CNRS, IFEA)

le 5 juin 2020 à 18h30 (Paris)

 

Les Webinars du CAREP

Modéré par Salam Kawakibi

Date de l'événement 05/06/2020 6:30 pm
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ANNULÉ - İPTAL Revoir le monde : Pour une approche sociale des relations internationales...

Bertrand Badie (Professeur émérite des Universités à Sciences Po Paris)
En partenariat avec l’Institut Français d’Ankara, et l’Université de Galatasaray

La science politique des relations internationales s'est constituée autour de l'idée que le monde était structuré par une irréductible compétition de puissance. Celle-ci déciderait de la guerre et de la paix, de l'agenda diplomatique, comme du statut et du rang de chacun des Etats. Elle construirait l'hégémonie qui marquerait de son sceau chaque séquence historique des relations internationales. En grande partie valable sous la guerre froide, cette vision est aujourd'hui mise en échec: l'hégémon est fragilisé et incertain, les guerres ne sont plus liées à la puissance et la survie de l'humanité dépend de quantités de paramètres sociaux liés à l'insécurité humaine. Aussi convient-il de repenser le monde - comme la discipline académique des relations internationales - pour se donner les moyens de comprendre les nouvelles formes de violence internationale et les nouveaux besoins de coopération internationale.

BIOGRAPHIE: Diplomé d'études supérieures de Science politique à Sciences Po Paris, de l'Institut des Langues Orientales, et d’études approfondies en histoire du XXème siècle à Paris I, Bertrand Badie a obtenu son doctorat d'Etat en science politique à Sciences Po Paris en 1975 et son agrégation de Science Politique en 1982. Il est professeur des Universités à Sciences Po Paris. Il a été directeur des Collections des Presses de Sciences Po (1994-2003) et du Centre Rotary d'études internationales sur la paix et la résolution des conflits (2001-2005).

Intervention en français

 

Date de l'événement 27/03/2020 10:30 am
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ANNULÉ - İPTAL How the Global South is reinventing the world

Bertrand Badie, professor emeritus
With the support of the Institut Français d’Ankara and Istanbul Bilgi University.

The Global South has been considered for a long time as the "periphery" of the international system. Such a vision is now totally outdated: the main conflicts are presently located in Africa and the Middle East, while Europe is no longer the battlefield of the world; the main issues which are now at stake come from the South; the international agenda is no longer elaborated by the old powers and the power itself is getting powerless and currently defeated. Is now "weakness politics" substituted to power politics? Is globalization making room for new actors, new cultures and new regional powers? Are local actors more efficient than traditional international powers? Are these new actors able to invent a new international system?

Biography: Holds graduate degrees from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris (IEP, political science), the Institut des Langues Orientales and the University of Paris I (history of the 20th century). Ph.D. in political science from the IEP (1975); Full Professor (Professeur agrégé) of political science since 1982. Director of the Presses de Sciences Po from 1994 to 2003; director of the Rotary Center for International Studies in Peace and Conflict Resolution at Sciences Po between 2001 and 2005. Currently, head of the Research Master’s in International Relations and of the Doctoral Program in Political Science of International Relations at Sciences Po.

The talk will be delivered in English

Date de l'événement 26/03/2020 1:30 pm
Date de fin 26/03/2020 3:30 pm
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ANNULÉ - İPTAL Série des Jeunes Chercheurs de l'IFEA: Idées et Méthodes actuelles en Interprétation Archéologique

Double conférence

  • À la recherche du genre… Au-delà des oppositions binaires: défis et perspectives de l'archéologie du genre à Aşıklı Höyük

Sera Yelözer (Doctorante, Université d'Istanbul, Département d'archéologie préhistorique)

  • Identification de la division du travail basée sur le sexe et l'âge dans la production d'objets en argile dans la préhistoire de l'Anatolie occidentale

Aysel Arslan (doctorante à l'université Koç, Départment d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de l'art)

Interventions en turc

Date de l'événement 16/03/2020 6:00 pm
Date limite d'inscription 15/03/2020 11:55 pm
Places: 60
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Série des Jeunes Chercheurs de l'IFEA: Idées et Méthodes actuelles en Interprétation Archéologique

Müge Ergun (ANAMED, Université Koç)

La nourriture est un besoin indispensable à la survie de l’être humain et elle est également un élément essentiel à la formation sociale et culturelle des communautés. L’agriculture, qui se définit également par la production d’aliments végétaux, participe à l’émergence d’une certaine forme d’indépendance avec ses propres dynamiques bien distinctes du mode de vie des chasseurs-cueilleurs. Cette présentation expliquera en quoi et comment les approches et les recherches archéobotaniques contribuent à la compréhension de ce changement significatif dans l’histoire de l’humanité et de la nature ainsi que des habitudes alimentaires passées.
Cette communication se focalisera sur la communauté d’Aşıklı Höyük (8400-7300 avant JC) du début du Néolithique, en attirant l’attention sur les interdépendances entre les ressources sauvages et domestiques, que reflète le fameux adage de fertilité « kurda, kuşa, aşa », et la nature de la production agricole précoce.

Intervention en turc

Date de l'événement 24/02/2020 6:00 pm
Date limite d'inscription 21/02/2020 11:55 am
Places: 60
Inscrit.e.s 60
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Conférences en ligne

Installé dans les locaux du drogmanat du Palais de France (ancienne Ambassade de France auprès de la Sublime Porte), l'Institut français d'études anatoliennes "Georges Dumézil" a succédé en 1975 à l'institut français d'archéologie d'Istanbul fondé en 1930. À l'origine orienté vers l'histoire ancienne et l'archéologie, il a ensuite étendu ses activités à la turcologie (linguistique et histoire ottomane en particulier). Il a commencé à s'ouvrir au contemporain à la fin des années 1980, notamment avec la mise en place d'un Observatoire Urbain d'Istanbul (OUI). En 1994, l'IFEA a créé un Centre d'études caucasiennes. En 2003, ce centre s'est délocalisé à Bakou où l'IFEA possède désormais une antenne, installée au sein de l'Ambassade de France en Azerbaïdjan. En 2005 a été mis sur pied un Observatoire de la vie politique turque (OVIPOT). L'IFEA fait partie du réseau des vingt-sept instituts de recherche en sciences humaines et sociales dépendant de la Sous-Direction de la coopération scientifique, universitaire et de la recherche du Ministère des Affaires étrangères. Les études y concernent un vaste territoire, qui s'étend des confins orientaux de l'Europe aux abords de l'Asie centrale. Elles s'inscrivent dans une chronologie longue, allant de la préhistoire aux grands Empires, et de la naissance des États-nations aux redéfinitions identitaires d'aujourd'hui.C'est dire que l'IFEA offre un profil très diversifié, propice aux échanges entre disciplines : les sciences humaines et sociales (anthropologie, démographie, géographie, histoire, sociologie, science politique et économique, voire musicologie) y voisinent avec les techniques de l'archéologie et du classement et de l'analyse des textes écrits. Établissement à compétence régionale, l'Institut développe des programmes couvrant le Caucase et les Balkans.L'IFEA est présent sur le portail Persée pour ses publications archéologiques : http://www.persee.fr/collection/anatvet diffuse ses collections contemporaines sur Open Edition : http://books.openedition.org/ifeagd/ Institut Français d'Études Anatoliennes Georges Dumézil